Information:
The following information explains the Best practices for DNS client settings on Domain Controller and Domain Member.

Domain controller with DNS installed:
On a domain controller that also acts as a DNS server, recommended that you configure the domain controller’s DNS client settings according to these specifications:

IP configuration on domain controller:

  • If single DC in environment,  DC / DNS server points to its private IP address (not to loopback 127.x.x.) as preferred DNS server in TCP/IP property.
  • If multiple DC that’s the DNS servers are in environment, recommendation to have all DCs point to ANOTHER/REMOTE DC’s IP address as preferred DNS and then point to it’s private IP address as an alternate DNS.
  • Each DC has just one IP address and one network adapter is enabled (disable unused NICs).
  • IPv6 should not be disabled on DC’s NIC card. Set it to “obtain IPV6 address automatically” and “obtain DNS server address automatically”
  • If multiple NICs (enabled and disabled) are present on server, make sure the active NIC should be on top in NIC binding.
  • Contact your ISP and get valid DNS IPs from them and add it in to the forwarders, Do not set public DNS server in TCP/IP settings of DC.

How to set/view the NIC bind order in Windows
https://theregime.wordpress.com/2008/03/04/how-to-setview-the-nic-bind-order-in-windows/

IP configuration on domain member:

  • Each workstation/member server should point to local DNS server as preferred DNS and remote DNS servers as an alternate DNS server in TCP/IP property.
  • Do not set public DNS server in TCP/IP setting of domain member.

Once you are done with above, run “ipconfig /flushdns & ipconfig /registerdns“, restart DNS server and NETLOGON service on each DC.

Quick note: MULTIHOMED domain controller is not recommended, it always results in multiple problems.

  • Being a VPN Server and even simply running RRAS makes it multi-homed.
  • Domain Controllers with the PDC Role are automatically Domain Master Browser. Master Browsers should not be multi-homed

Active Directory Communication Fails on Multihomed Domain Controllers https://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;272294

Symptoms of Multihomed Browsers
https://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;191611

Reference: https://support.microsoft.com/kb/825036

 

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